Yuri Milner’s Breakthrough Initiatives have breathed new life into the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI), space exploration, and other areas of technological innovation. In doing so, these programs have fostered global collaboration between researchers, institutions, and governments worldwide.
The Breakthrough Initiatives form part of Yuri Milner’s Giving Pledge promise to support the future of science. The Eureka Manifesto author launched the Breakthrough Initiatives in 2015, committing billions of dollars to the projects.
Breakthrough Listen: Listening To the Stars
Breakthrough Listen is a $100 million project that involves scanning the stars for signals that could come from an alien civilization. So far, Listen has published massive amounts of astronomical data in its efforts to supercharge SETI.
Listen has access to some of the world’s best telescopes, including the 64-dish MeerKAT Array in South Africa and the Green Bank Telescope in the U.S. The project has even partnered with NASA scientists on a survey searching for signs of alien life.
Breakthrough Starshot: Advancing Space Exploration
Breakthrough Starshot is a $100 million project that intends to pioneer an uncrewed mission to Alpha Centauri. If the mission can overcome certain engineering challenges, it could advance space exploration as a whole. Anyone can contribute to solving these challenges.
One notable Breakthrough Starshot board member is Mark Zuckerberg. Like Yuri Milner, the Facebook founder is also a Giving Pledge signatory. He and Priscilla Chan joined the Giving Pledge in 2015.
Breakthrough Watch: Life On Other Planets
Breakthrough Watch uses state-of-the-art technology to search for planets that could host alien life. The program’s team works with leading researchers and engineers to enhance and design telescopes on Earth and in space.
Watch acts as a bridge between Listen and Starshot. Any potentially habitable planets that Watch finds are targets for Starshot. If the planets are inhabited, they’re of prime interest to Listen.
Breakthrough Discuss: Progress Through Discussion
Open discussion is an important part of successful collaboration. Each year, Breakthrough Discuss brings together scholars from science and technology to advance the conversation around space exploration and astrobiology.
The annual academic conference started in 2016. In 2022, Discuss took place at UC Santa Cruz and online.
Breakthrough Message: Messages For an Alien Civilization
Breakthrough Message is a global competition that invites the public to engage in debate about interstellar communication. The contest asks entrants to create a message that intelligent aliens could read.
Though there are no plans to send these messages, the competition encourages discussion about how and what to communicate with alien civilizations.
Eureka Manifesto: Yuri Milner’s Inspiring Vision
The human story — one of overcoming odds and developing technologies that advance our species — is also part of the larger Universal story. As Yuri Milner explains in his book Eureka Manifesto: The Mission for Our Civilization, the Universal story draws a direct line from the beginning of the Universe to humanity today.
Did humans develop consciousness so that the Universe could make sense of itself? If so, we can’t risk losing our progress as an intelligent civilization, thus allowing the Universe to slip into unconsciousness. To avoid this, Yuri Milner suggests humanity focuses on exploring and understanding the Universe together.
The Giving Pledge signatory lays out a plan to advance this collective mission in Eureka Manifesto. From celebrating scientists as heroes to sparking a new Age of Enlightenment, the plan could drive research and interdisciplinary collaboration, leading to further breakthroughs in science and technology.
Eureka Manifesto endorses prioritizing research into fundamental science and space exploration. The Breakthrough Initiatives are a great example of the advancements we can make when we invest in these fields.