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Everything you need to know about Driscoll model of reflection


Are you trying to learn about the Driscoll model of reflection? Then you’ve come to the right place. This is one of the simplest models you’ll ever come across. Developed by Driscoll in 1994. This model explores the three stem questions we all ask ourselves. However, these questions were first asked by Terry Boston in 1970. These are:

·      What?

·      So, what?

·      Now what?

In the Driscoll model, he matched these to an experiential learning cycle. Then, he included trigger questions to complete the cycle. 

Driscoll model of reflection or the Driscoll cycle

To understand the Driscoll cycle, we’ll first look at this example. 

Suppose, a nursing intern has to write a paramedic reflection based on all the information provided to her by her family or somebody who was with the patient when the paramedics were called. The following is the way she will compile her scattered thoughts and turn it into a neat reflection via the Driscoll cycle. 

WHAT: Here, she will describe the incident. It would serve as a roadmap. Questions like the motive of returning to this experience, what happened, what did they see, what did they do, what was their reaction, how did the other people react to the situation, and what are the key aspects of the situation would be included in this phase. 

SO, WHAT: This phase would carry out the analysis of the incident. Here the nursing intern would reflect on the learnings obtained in the first phase. Questions like the feelings during the time of incident, how the intern is feeling now, is there a difference in the feelings and if so, why, what impacted the reaction, any positive from the incident, the intern’s experience in comparison with the others and what are the reasons that causes this difference will find refuge here. 

NOW, WHAT: This phase consists of the proposed actions after the incident. The actions performed in this phrase are influenced by the experience in clinical practice. It raises questions like what are its effects on the intern, what must be done to alter the results, how are you planning to deal with the situation, what will happen if nothing is altered, what might you do differently if faced with the same situation, and what are the best ways to gain this information should such a situation arise again.

This model, unlike the Gibbs Reflective cycle model can be used for all those you are in need of a quick result. 

How to use the Driscoll model of reflection 

When it comes to writing a reflection, people get confused. However, it is not as tedious as it looks. All you need to do is choose a relatable model or approach. And then ask these three questions yourself. Explain the main incident, situation, experience and event and then give your own views. It is quite possible that nothing changes as a result of your reflection. However, you need to make the most out of it. 

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